The principle of presumption of innocence
Living in the modern world, it is important to know what the principle of presumption of innocence is. The fact is that this concept becomes especially important precisely when it is violated. So, let’s understand what it means.
What does the presumption of innocence mean?
The presumption of innocence is one of the fundamental principles in the jurisprudence of most countries of the world. Its essence boils down to the statement: “A person is presumed innocent until proven otherwise”.
Here it is important to point out two points, which are sometimes completely ignored, despite the fact that they are the key to the principle of the presumption of innocence.
The suspect does not have to prove his innocence, that is, to justify himself. On the contrary, it is up to the accused to present the court with solid evidence of the guilt of the accused.
Any dubious evidence that is not legally corroborated must be interpreted by the court in favor of the suspect.
Of course, in criminal proceedings the presumption of innocence must always be used, although there are exceptions in some cases.
It is an interesting fact that this principle is sometimes neglected with remarkable calm. It is not clear whether this is due to ignorance or impunity, but the fact remains.
Presumption of innocence these days
Not so long ago, the news in 2016 reported on the detention in one of the countries of the former Soviet Union of an ex-official. However, no evidence of his guilt was presented.
Moreover, the chief prosecutor making the accusations stated, “The suspect has a full week to prove his innocence.”
All of this was shown on television, and the press reacted calmly to the flagrant violation of one of the basic principles of jurisprudence – the presumption of innocence.
Again, given the level of literacy of certain authorized persons in certain countries and cities, it is possible to assume that they are simply unaware of the existence of “some” legal principle, on which the entire legal system is based.